The educational system in Brandenburg
The German educational system is organised at several levels. Like the other federal states in the country, Brandenburg possesses “cultural sovereignty”, i.e. independence in cultural and educational matters, and in this capacity regulates education and higher education in the state. Regulation takes place on the basis of the usual four-level structure in Germany comprising primary level, lower and upper secondary level school provision and a tertiary and quaternary sector encompassing the further educational provision at institutes of higher education and adult education such as at adult education centres.
Following the childcare phase, i.e. nursery school or pre-school, regular education begins with primary level.
Attendance at primary school for six years is compulsory for all children. Children who display particular abilities may, however, be prematurely transferred to special fast stream classes or classes for gifted children at selected grammar schools or comprehensive schools upon completion of Year 4.
Lower secondary level begins with Year 7 and continues until the end of Year 10. In Brandenburg, it is possible for pupils to attend a secondary school, a comprehensive school or a grammar school. At the end of the lower secondary level, pupils acquire a lower secondary school leaving qualification, an extended lower secondary school leaving qualification, an intermediate secondary school leaving qualification or an entitlement to progress to upper secondary level.
Lower secondary education is followed by the upper secondary level, where more academic children attend upper secondary schools, comprehensive schools and vocational grammar schools and are able to acquire a general higher education entrance qualification. The other pupils enter vocational education and training at the upper secondary school centres.
Facts and figures
About 272,750 pupils are attending the 741 publicly and 175 independently run schools during the present school year 2015/2016.
There are 106,900 pupils at primary level (Year 1 to 6), 43,750 at lower secondary level and 45,750 at upper secondary level (grammar schools).
The number of FTE teaching posts for the year 2014 was approximately 10,077.
There are the following numbers of public sector schools in the school year 2015/2016:
- 402 primary schools (including primary school provision at combined primary/secondary schools or combined primary/comprehensive schools);
- 118 secondary schools;
- 21 comprehensive schools;
- 76 grammar schools;
- 25 vocational grammar schools at upper secondary school centres and
- 82 schools for children with learning difficulties.
Independently run schools
There are a total of 175 schools which comprise:
- 63 primary schools;
- 29 secondary schools;
- 16 comprehensive schools;
- 25 grammar schools;
- 33 vocational grammar schools at upper secondary school centres and
- 9 schools for children with learning difficulties.